In Orthodox worship, the nave represents earth, the chancel represents heaven, and the iconostasis is the barrier that prevents us from seeing heaven from earth. The high altar is frequently situated at the east end of the chancel. On the lowest part of the ceiling he painted the ancestors of Christ. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Also depicted along the upper windows are the ancestors of Jesus.


Also called a "blind-storey" - the triforium looks like a row of window frames without window openings. The name was originally applied to the shrine in which the kings of France preserved the cape (late Latin cappella, diminutive of cappa) of St. Martin. And we are his house, if we hold on to our courage and the hope of which we boast By a further extension, all places of worship that were not mother churches, including a large number of miscellaneous foundations, came to be known as chapels.

It is generally used for storing various articles that are used in worship. In churches where it is customary to kneel for prayer, there is often a long, narrow padded bar at the base of pew in front of you, which can be tilted down for kneeling and tilted up to make it easier to get in and out of the pew. Rood Screen Crypt This barrel vault is cut transversely by smaller vaults over each window, which divide the barrel vault at its lowest level into a series of large pendentives rising from shallow pilasters between each window. A person who enters the church goes from west to east, which symbolizes going from the evil of the present world to the glory of the New Jerusalem to come.

The city in which the cathedral is located is the bishop’s see. Connect with us on Facebook. The first stage in the decoration of the Sistine Chapel was the painting of the ceiling in blue, studded with gilt stars,[9] and with decorative borders around the architectural details of the pendentives. In Britain, the apse is generally squared off, while on the continent, rounded apses were common. An icon is a highly stylized religious painting on wood. The Roman house was a large building that served both as the residence of the extended household and as their place of business. The iconostasis has three doors, two on each side so the clergy can enter and leave the chancel, and one in the middle that, when open, gives the congregation a view of the celebrant and the altar. The term cathedral refers to the function of a church, not its architectural style. They include: Michelangelo was commissioned by Pope Julius II in 1508 to repaint the vault, or ceiling, of the chapel.