Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): People who need to take extra precautions. Another inherited blood disorder, called thalassemia, might also make you more likely to have serious COVID-19 symptoms. Accessed April 3, 2020. Spread from touching surfaces is not thought to be a common way that COVID-19 spreads, It appears that the virus that causes COVID-19 can spread, At this time, the risk of COVID-19 spreading. But many conditions can weaken your immune system. But it most commonly affects middle-aged and older adults. What heart patients should know about coronavirus. Safe cancer treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In addition to being an asthma trigger, smoking or vaping can harm your lungs and inhibit your immune system, which increases the risk of serious complications with COVID-19. Lung Health & COVID-19. Call your doctor if you have questions about your medical conditions and. Coronavirus vs. flu: Similarities and differences. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/sicklecell/facts.html. 2020; doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00124.2020. He or she will advise you whether a virtual visit, in-person visit, delaying the appointment or other options are appropriate. COVID-19 is thought to spread mainly through close contact from person to person, including between people who are physically near each other (within about 6 feet). COVID-19 Contagion: Why Risk Managers Need a More Aggressive Approach to Economic Recovery. They said that masks cannot be worn effectively while eating and drinking, though they can be worn effectively during shopping and other indoor activities. Accessed March 31, 2020. COVID-19 associated hospitalization related to underlying medical conditions. Can COVID-19 (coronavirus) spread through food, water, surfaces and pets? In thalassemia, the body doesn't produce enough hemoglobin and this affects how well the red blood cells can carry oxygen. Accessed Aug. 19, 2020. This is similar to what is seen with other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza. Accessed Aug. 19, 2020. Conditions that affect your immune system and increase your risk of serious illness from COVID-19 include: Your risk of serious symptoms from COVID-19 may be increased if you have conditions such as: If you have a weakened immune system, you may need to take extra precautions to avoid the virus that causes COVID-19. These asthma triggers can vary from person to person. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Strong emotions and stress can trigger asthma attacks in some people. Arrange for delivery orders of restaurant meals, groceries or medications so you don't have to leave your home. You may want to talk to your doctor about obtaining an emergency supply of prescription medications, such as asthma inhalers. National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Myths & Misconceptions about COVID-19 Vaccination, How CDC is Making Vaccine Recommendations, Frequently Asked Questions about Vaccination, People with Developmental & Behavioral Disorders, Nursing Homes & Long-Term Care Facilities, Caregivers of People Living with Dementia, Resources for Limited-English-Proficient Populations, How COVID-19 Travel Health Notice Levels Are Determined, Crew Disembarkations through Commercial Travel, Travelers Prohibited from Entry to the US, Road Travel Toolkit for Transportation Partners, Guidance for Handlers of Service & Therapy Animals, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Robilotti EV, et al. The risk of contagion is highest in indoor spaces but can be reduced by applying all available measures to combat infection via aerosols. Nature Medicine. Check to see if your vaccinations are up to date, particularly for influenza and pneumonia. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), Neurosurgery during the COVID-19 pandemic, Routine cancer screening during coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, Safe outdoor activities during the COVID-19 pandemic, Safety tips for returning to school during COVID-19, Stay healthy during the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, Stay on track with medications during a pandemic, Video: Travel safely for medical care during the COVID-19 pandemic. A healthy immune system fights the germs that cause disease. COVID-19 most commonly spreads during close contact. Larger droplets fall out of the air due to gravity. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews. Cover your face with a cloth face mask in public spaces, such as the grocery store, where it's difficult to avoid close contact with others, especially if you're in an area with ongoing community spread. Avoid taking public transportation, taxis and ride-sharing if you're sick. The risk of developing dangerous symptoms of COVID-19 may be increased in people who are older and also in people of any age who have other serious health problems — such as heart or lung conditions, weakened immune systems, severe obesity, or diabetes. This content does not have an English version. While an increase in tourism is bringing much-needed income to stricken businesses, some COVID-free towns are voicing concern that the influx of out-of-towners will bring a risk of infection too. High blood pressure and type 1 diabetes may increase your risk of serious COVID-19 symptoms. Avoid close contact (within 6 feet, or about 2 meters) with others. COVID-19 (coronavirus) drugs: Are there any that work? People of any age, even children, can catch COVID-19. Call your doctor if you have questions about non-critical medical appointments. As the respiratory droplets travel further from the person with COVID-19, the concentration of these droplets decreases.