When Li writes about the different countries he is giving his aspirations for an ideal society. The novel is both "social commentary and human satire", and has been likened to a combination of Gulliver's Travels and Alice in Wonderland. Secondary School Vs. Both of these readings address social issues during the 17th and 18th century and address them with various uses of satire to help emphasize their thoughts of dislike and carry that to their readers. Li Ju‐chen is remembered today as an erudite social critic and early feminist. Tang Ao responds to this by freeing himself from the coil of the mortal strife which binds the soul to the body and resolves to become an immortal by cultivating Tao. A flower signifies a lot in nature. Li Ju‐chen's two brothers—far less talented intellectually—both passed and became government officials. 0 For decades, a mosaic tile pattern in two colors on the floor, with the same two colors mirrored on the walls was included in nearly every bathroom. The Empress suspects him of having had a part in plotting rebellion against her and so she takes away his high scholarly rank and leaves him with the lowest rank that one can attain. If you want to read it in chinese (Jinghua Yuan) it might be cheaper. Li Ju‐chen’s breadth and depth of knowledge is displayed in the wide variety of subjects covered. Hi All! Li said that those of his friends who had been having trouble emotionally laughed when they read the first one hundred chapters and insisted that he get them published without writing any more. Their punishment is to live on earth. There are many uses of satire in Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal and in Li Ruzhen’s Flowers in the Mirror. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Being incredibly power-hungry, the Empress one winter morning orders all the flowers in the kingdom to bloom. They are a subject of poetry and no Natural description is complete without reference to flowers. 11 Comments, wow thanks a lot this essay helps me to complete my description on object thanks once again :). Li Ju‐chen's representations of social reform include ending the practice of foot-binding, as well as creating special civil service exams so that women might be eligible for government positions normally restricted to men. Already a member? foot binding. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Li Ju‐chen died in obscurity and poverty in approximately 1830. The author's ideal society is expressed through another model, the "Comity of Nation" (君子国/君子國). Tang Ao is then told by a dream spirit that his destiny lies in foreign parts; and he decides to go overseas by junk with his brother-in-law, Merchant Lin. Y/N was...” Admired everywhere they went. Only in 1912, more than one hundred years after Ju-Chen’s book, was foot-binding banned in China. Recap. Lin considers suicide, but is guarded under constant vigilance up until the wedding with the “King.” Chapter 1 ends here, as does the sampling of the novel that Freedman provides. The novel, The flowers in the mirror, Li Ju‐chen's most important work, is the only extant text attributed to him. Flowers in the Mirror was written by a scholar Li Ruzhen, who in the early 19th century was a bit of a renegade. The 100-chapter novel is well-known today for its various kinds of fantasy stories and humorous writing style. Doing so enables him to become an immortal and, at the fair mountain of Little Penglai, he disappears. 15. Also, the incarnated flower-spirits take part in the "Imperial Examinations for Women", and along with their husbands and brothers they rise up and overthrow Empress Wu's rule, so restoring Emperor Tang Chung-tsung to the throne. The 100-chapter novel is well-known today for its various kinds of fantasy stories and humorous writing style. A rose flower, for instance, is not only beautiful and attractive hence irresistible but it also has a fragrance that spreads to every part where the flower grows. His 1805 treatise on phonology, Li‐shih yin‐chien (known simply as Yin‐chien), and his 1817 chess handbook, Shou‐tzu p'u, are apparently lost, as is the original (c. 1820) manuscript of the novel. Li had planned on writing a sequel to the Flowers in the Mirror but never did. The story culminates as Empress Wu orders the first Imperial Examinations for women, and women from throughout the lands gather for this epic event. Ignoring Lin’s protests, the “King’s” maids pluck Lin’s eyebrows, bind his feet (which is excruciatingly painful), rub skin cream and moisturizer all over his body, shave his facial hair, and make him wear a dress. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. 1. It's interesting for me to imagine what the author thought about the social structure between men and women as I read through the pages of this entertaining, insightful, and at times laugh-out-loud funny book. The novel is full of fantasy which shows the author's unique vision of life. thanksssssssssssss google for this marvelous essayies.......!!!!!!!! Thus sets off a string of consequences which are faced by a small group of travelers as they journey through many strange lands, including such places as the Country of Women and the Country of Two-Faced People. The story is set in the time of Empress Wu (Tang Dynasty, r.684-705). Corsets, for example, were used until the 1920s. High heels are still popular, as is unhealthy weight reduction. (Also transliterated as Li Ruzhen) Chinese novelist and nonfiction writer. In the second half of the book Tang Ao's daughter goes to Little Penglai to look for him after his disappearance. Flowers in the Mirror was written by a scholar Li Ruzhen, who in the early 19th century was a bit of a renegade. ( Log Out /  He is best known for his 1828 novel, Ching‐hua yuan (The flowers in the mirror), in which Li Ju‐chen denounced his country's educational system and its treatment of women. When they did, the Fairy of a Hundred Flowers and her 99 flower spirits were punished by being transformed into mortals. The author reinforces the idea that a woman's capability is not any less than a man's and that they can do just about anything that a man is capable of. Under the author's imagination, there is no putridity; no bribes between officials; citizens are all amicable and live a joyful life under a steady and rich government. There is an interesting question. Recap. Flowers in the Mirror (China, 1800) Posted on November 9, 2011 by sirtutist. This is probably best found in a library, as it is out of print and an expensive buy. The novel consists of one hundred chapters and is set in the time of Empress Wu (690‐705). ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. One of its most remarkable sections involves a society in which gender roles are reversed and men are subjected to the same types of cruel and discriminatory practices inflicted on women in Chinese society. It eulogizes woman's talents, fully acknowledges their social status and breaks the old concept of gender roles. He was born c. 1763 at Ta‐hsing in Chih‐li district, near Beijing. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. What would you see in the Mirror of Erised? And answers: humiliated, crestfallen, outraged. In the first chapter of his novel, Ju-Chen critiques society’s treatment of women by bringing the reader into the ‘Country of Women’ wherein society’s common gender roles are reversed: women do business and wear pants whereas men care for the children, wear dresses, and must … He remained there for almost twenty years, doing research and writing his first book.