Benzoic acid 210 is used in pharmaceuticals. As a preservatives, Benzoic Acid can be used in a wide variety of industries including: food production, beverage, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, agriculture/animal feed, and various other industries. Some important uses of C6H5COOH are listed below. eCl@ss 39023903 … Example – salad dressings, soft drinks, fruit juices and pickles. [15], Benzoic acid is present as part of hippuric acid (N-Benzoylglycine) in urine of mammals, especiallyherbivores (Gr. It can be noted that the ideal temperature under which this process can be carried out is in the range of 300 to 400 degrees celsius. E210 is used in the preservation of food. Lethal dose for cats can be as low as 300 mg/kg body weight. These plasticizers are used similarly to those derived from terephthalic acid ester. Uses and Applications Benzoic acid possesses anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. , Taiwan, a city health survey in 2010 found 30% of tested dried and pickled food products failed a test having too much benzoic acid, which is known to affect the liver and kidney, , along with more serious issues like excessive. [16], For humans, the WHO's International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) suggests a provisional tolerable intake would be 5 mg/kg body weight per day. [8] Acidic food and beverage like fruit juice (citric acid), sparkling drinks (carbon dioxide), soft drinks (phosphoric acid), pickles (vinegar) or other acidified food are preserved with benzoic acid and benzoates. However, the solubility of this compound in water increases when the temperature is increased (as is the case with most compounds). [14] Cats have a significantly lower tolerance against benzoic acid and its salts than rats and mice. Uses of Benzoic Acid. This was a brief on benzoic acid application. It helps in the prevention of bacterial infection. It is used as an antifungal for treating diseases like ringworm and athlete’s foot. Required fields are marked *. [17] The oral LD50 for rats is 3040 mg/kg, for mice it is 1940–2263 mg/kg.[14]. Another industrial method of preparing benzoic acid is by reacting tri-chlorotoluene with calcium hydroxide in the presence of water, and the treatment of the calcium benzoate product with hydrochloric acid. Benzoic Acid and its salts and esters are also permitted for use as preservatives in cosmetics and personal care products at a maximum concentration (expressed as the acid) of 2.5% in rinse-off products (except oral care products), 1.7% in oral care products and 0.5% in leave on products (see Annex VI). It can be noted that this process usually employs manganese or cobalt naphthenate as catalysts. Appreciable amounts have been found in most berries (around 0.05%). In Taipei, Taiwan, a city health survey in 2010 found 30% of tested dried and pickled food products failed a test having too much benzoic acid, which is known to affect the liver and kidney[18], along with more serious issues like excessive cyclamate. The production of phenol involves the use of benzoic acid. Benzoic acid is used to make a large number of chemicals, important examples of which are: Benzoic acid and its salts are used as a food preservative, represented by the E-numbers E210, E211,E212, and E213. Usually processed food has benzoic acid to inhibit the growth of bacteria, mould and yeast. The physical and chemical properties of C6H5COOH are discussed in this subsection. Benzoic acid, C 7 H 6 O 2 (or C 6 H 5 COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid.The name derived from gum benzoin, which was for a long time the only source for benzoic acid.This weak acid and its salts are used as a food preservative. per day in their urine, and if the person is exposed to. , which was for a long time the only source for benzoic acid. Ripe fruits of several Vacciniumspecies (e.g., cranberry, V. vitis idaea; bilberry, V. macrocarpon) contain as much as 0.03-0.13% free benzoic acid. hippos = horse; ouron = urine). The efficacy of benzoic acid and benzoate is thus dependent on the pH of the food. ) This compound is used in ointments that prevent or treat fungal skin diseases. Molecular Weight 122.12 . Benzoic acid has a colourless appearance in its solid state, which is of a crystalline nature. Benzoic acid inhibits the growth of mold, yeast[7] and some bacteria. [14], Gum benzoin contains up to 20% of benzoic acid and 40% benzoic acid esters. The excreted hippuric acid is not highly toxic. . 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The name was derived from gum benzoin. The structure of a C6H5COOH molecule is illustrated below. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 636131 . Appreciable amounts have been found in most berries (around 0.05%). It is also a precursor to benzoyl chloride. Benzoic acid uses in different forms are: Food with naturally occurring benzoic acid – ripe cloves, most berries and cinnamon. It is used in various ways, like manufacturing of insect repellents, below are some uses of benzoic acid in our life. Benzoic acid is a constituent of Whitfield's Ointment which is used for the treatment of fungal skin diseases such as tinea, ringworm, and athlete's foot. Among animals, benzoic acid has been identified primarily in omnivorous or phytophageous species, e.g., in viscera and muscles of the. This formalin is used as a disinfectant in industries, preservative in some food products, funeral home etc. Humans produce about 0.44 g/L hippuric acid per day in their urine, and if the person is exposed to toluene or benzoic acid it can rise above that level. Chem-guide is a free resource for chemistry learning at school level (for 11 and 12). Benzoic Acid is a organic compound widely used as preservatives in food and beverage industries. Some important uses of C 6 H 5 COOH are listed below. C 6 H 5 COOH is used as a preservative in the food industry. which is used for the treatment of fungal skin diseases such as tinea, Benzoic acid occurs naturally free and bound as benzoic acid esters in many plant and animal species. This compound is used in ointments that prevent or treat fungal skin diseases. At a concentrationof 0.1%, benzoic acid is a moderately effective preservative providing that the pH of the formulation (medicines, cosmetics, or foods) does not exceed 5.0. The efficacy of benzoic acid and benzoate is thus dependent on the pH of the food. Among animals, benzoic acid has been identified primarily in omnivorous or phytophageous species, e.g., in viscera and muscles of the ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) as well as in gland secretions of malemuskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) or Asian bull elephants (Elephas maximus). To learn more about this compound and other aromatic compounds, such as pyridine, register with BYJU’S and download the mobile application on your smartphone. Concern has been expressed that benzoic acid and its salts may react with ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in some soft drinks, forming small quantities of benzene. The mechanism starts with the absorption of benzoic acid in to the cell. This is done via a process known as oxidative decarboxylation.