This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. US Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg is bundled up for the cold as she stands with other members of the Supreme Court before the start of the swearing in ceremony for US President-elect George W. Bush at the US Capitol in Washington, DC on Jan. 20, 2001. Here are three of her most lasting legacies. From left to right, back row: Neil Gorsuch, Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan, Brett Kavanaugh. Ruth Bader Ginsburg dedicated her career to gender equality before being appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1993, where she served until her death. She would come to be considered part of the Supreme Court’s liberal block, a description that may indicate that the court changed as much as she did. Despite the unfavorable result, the Kahn case showed an important aspect of Ginsburg’s approach: her willingness to work on behalf of men challenging gender discrimination. … It shouldn't be that women are the exception.”. Ruth Bader Ginsburg dedicated her career to gender equality before being appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1993, where she served until her death. "In her life –  including as a daughter, a woman, a lawyer and a mother herself– she actually saw so much of what turned out to be profoundly unjust and unequal," Mezey said. In 2007, Ginsburg famously dissented from the Supreme Court’s decision on the pay discrimination case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. "When she was in the minority, she was a powerful voice in dissent in ways that changed the game,” said Emily Martin, general counsel at the National Women’s Law Center in Washington. Powered by. The 2015 case Obergefell v. Hodges, which allowed queer women and the rest of the LGBTQ community the right to same-sex marriages in all 50 states, ended in a 5-4 ruling. Supreme Court Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg speaks about her work and gender equality during a panel discussion at the Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, Tuesday, July 2, 2019. Supreme Court Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Antonin Scalia ride an elephant in Rajasthan, India, in 1994 . Though it would be impossible to list every triumph that Ginsburg helped achieve, we're looking back to trace some of the impact she's had on women's lives in America. Without Ginsburg, the outcome may have been different. Supreme Court grants federal job protections to gay, lesbian, transgender workers, 'I Dissent': Six books to read about Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, How Ruth Bader Ginsburg became a legit pop-culture icon, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. She had plenty of help along the way, but everyone recognized her as the key strategist. Ginsburg paved the way for the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, which passed in 1974 and allowed women to apply for credit cards and mortgages without a male co-signer. ", But as a litigator and on the Supreme Court, Martin explained, Ginsburg changed "what was possible for women in the U.S.”, Mezey added that Ginsburg was able to identify and help address stereotypes, both positive and negative, that "nonetheless end up creating self-fulfilling prophecies of unequal distribution of work.". Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg acknowledges applause before speaking at an event at Roosevelt University, Chicago, in 2017. President Bill Clinton and federal appeals court Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg walk along the Colonnade at the White House on June 14, 1993, en route to the Rose Garden for the news conference announcing her Supreme Court nomination. (AP Photo/Doug Mills). Ginsburg did not argue the case, but wrote the brief that persuaded a unanimous court in 1971 to invalidate the state’s preference for males. But the justices could not agree on the legal test to use for evaluating the constitutionality of sex-based policies. For women and girls, for minorities of all types, for those of us who have ever had someone make us feel “less than,” RBG was an inspiration to be a fierce advocate for equality. But this deceptively simple case illustrated the vices of sex stereotypes: Aggressive men (and boys) drink and drive, women (and girls) are demure passengers.