It is also clear that the Jewish males took part in the service. did in later times. 1:21-28; Lk 4:31-37). Origin:That the synagogue was, in the time of our Lord, one of the most important religious institutions of the Jews is clear from the fact that it was thought to have been instituted by Moses (Apion, ii, 17; Philo, De Vita Moses, iii0.27; compare Targum Jeremiah to Exodus 18:20). (3) Reading of the Law and the Prophets.After prayers the parashah, i.e. John's account of Jesus' bread of life discourse in the synagogue at Capernaum ends with a similar turning against Jesus, though not with violence ( Luke 6:41-42 Luke 6:52 Luke 6:60-61 Luke 6:66 ). 10:25-37). letters were placed in them. 7:11-17). The order of service was as follows: the recitation of the shema`, i.e. Proud member Chapter 16. ambitious dreams of myself, Caesar, and Alexander should have He fell down at Jesus' feet, and begged him to come into his house,(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV), Luke 8:49While he still spoke, one from the ruler of the synagogue's house came, saying to him, "Your daughter is dead. The leader presided over the The common practice was to erect the building on a small hill or prominence, sometimes near water but always in such a fashion that the back wall which faced the door was toward Jerusalem. It is this cosmopolitanism and appeal to the common conscience which marks the synagogal success. The Trial (Mat It was called 'aron ha-qodhesh, but chiefly tebhah (Meghillah 3 1; Nedharim 5 5; Ta`anith 2 1,2), and it stood facing the entrance. exclusively so. rabbi supplanted the priest, and the communal faith was applied to individual the synagogues of Spain at Toledo were the centers of European Jewry. Maps & Geography Women sat in a separate section, and were not expected to take part. .../j/jairus.htm - 10k, Warden (8 Occurrences)... Luke 8:41 Just then there came a man named Jair, a Warden of the Synagogue, who threw himself at the feet of Jesus, and entreated Him to come to his house; (WEY .../w/warden.htm - 9k, Presbyter... 2. and Rom. Jerusalem was the Kibleh of Jewish devotion. It will be of service, in understanding the incidents at Capernaum, as well as the many ... /.../the new testament commentary vol iii john/note on the jewish synagogue.htm, The Synagogue. The term “synagogue” is used in the gospels over thirty times while an even greater frequency appears in Acts. As such, they served a different role in the life of the Jewish people than did the Jerusalem temple, with its focus on the sacrificial cult. The fact that the ḥazzan handled the sacred scrolls while in the synagogue points to the importance of the office. Numerous synagogues were set up in Jerusalem, including one for freedmen, or ex-slaves. Such individuals will be responsible for the coming persecution of the church at Smyrna ( 2:10 ) and will be brought to fall down before the church at Philadelphia and acknowledge that Jesus has loved it ( 3:9 ). 9:35-38). The westerly part of the building contained the ark or chest in which the book of the law and the section of the prophets were deposited, and was called the temple by way of eminence. traditionally accepted. "(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV), Luke 13:14The ruler of the synagogue, being indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, said to the multitude, "There are six days in which men ought to work. The transfer of the sanctity of the Sabbath to the Lords day involved a corresponding change in the order of the week, and the first, the fourth the sixth became to the Christian society what the other days had been to the Jewish. Luke 4:44 ). And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks. 9:2-8; Mk 2:1-12; Lk 5:17-26). 19:47, 48). ... // - 6k, 2921. - dictionary definition, verses and Bible references on the topic of Synagogue. The synagogue grounds were surrounded by a low wall within which the synagogue met. The archisynagōgos had the responsibility of selecting the Torah reading and may have read it himself in the congregation. After prayers the parashah, i.e. The people sat with their faces towards the temple, and the elders in the contrary direction, and opposite to the people; the space between them being occupied by the pulpit or reading desk.