Hy het sy vader, Childeric I, in 481 opgevolg as koning van die Saliese Franke, een van die Frankiese stamme wat in daardie stadium in die omgewing van die Benede-Rynrivier gewoon het. [16] Despite his position, some Roman cities refused to yield to the Franks, namely Verdun‒which surrendered after a brief siege‒and Paris, which stubbornly resisted a few years, perhaps as many as five. Clovis I, (born c. 466—died November 27, 511, Paris, France), king of the Franks and ruler of much of Gaul from 481 to 511, a key period during the transformation of the Roman Empire into Europe. This was the First Council of Orléans. After each successful battle or expedition the spoils were accumulated in one common mass; every warrior received his proportionable share, and the royal prerogative submitted to the equal regulations of military law. Attempts to further expand his domain were hampered by Theodoric's intervention. Clovis, like his father, dealt politically and diplomatically with the Catholic bishops of Gaul. The disunity continued under the Carolingians until, after a brief unity under Charlemagne, the Franks splintered into distinct spheres of cultural influence that coalesced around Eastern and Western centers of royal power. De Salische Frankn woarn êen van de Frankische stammn die ’t gebied, Toxandria genoemd, bezettegen. [26], In 509, Clovis visited his old ally, Ragnachar in Cambrai. Even if he is viewed by some as unreliable, Gregory of Tours is one of the few sources on the reign of Clovis and his conversion to Christianity. Clovis, and he was the first among the Frankish kings to embrace Catholic (that is, Nicene) C~stianity, rather than continue to practice the Arianism favored by the Germanic peoples.

11 Nov 2020. [31] Clovis eventually converted to Catholicism following the Battle of Tolbiac on Christmas Day 508[32][33] in a small church in the vicinity of the subsequent Abbey of Saint-Remi in Reims; a statue of his baptism by Saint Remigius can still be seen there. [18], Clovis came to the realisation that he wouldn't be able to rule Gaul without the help of the clergy and aimed to please the clergy by taking a Catholic wife. In 463 he fought in conjunction with Aegidius, the magister militum of northern Gaul, to defeat the Visigoths in Orléans. Wasson, D. L. (2014, November 10).

This crusade would ultimately push the Visigoths back into Spain and provide greater security for the realm of the Franks. Clovis I. In 493 trouwde Clovis in Soissons mè Clothilde, dochter van Chilperik II, keunienk van Bourgondië. In the same year, the neighboring King of the Burgundians was slain by his brother, Gundobad; bringing civil strife to that kingdom. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).

Clovis became king at the age of 15, and by the time of his death 30 years later, he had become the first king to rule over all the Frankish tribes, a firm ally of the Byzantine Empire, and a Christian king. It is composed of the root hlod- ("fame, glory") attached to -wig ("combat, battle"). [47]:73 Another reason could be that Clovis was a preferable foundation figure for the House of Valois as their predecessors were the Direct Capetians who looked back to Charlemagne whose veneration had been widely recognised. During the battle Chalaric betrayed his comrades by refusing to take part in the fighting. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The Salian Franks were the first known Frankish tribe that settled with official Roman permission within the empire, first in Batavia in the Rhine-Maas delta, and then in 375 in Toxandria, roughly the current province of North Brabant in the Netherlands and parts of neighbouring Belgian provinces of Antwerp and Limburg in current Belgium. Clovis was the son of Childeric I, a Merovingian king of the Salian Franks, and Basina, a Thuringian princess. The young Frankish king had been prepared well by his father and wasted little time in establishing himself as a major force in Europe when, at the age of 20, he opposed Syagrius, the last governor of Roman Gaul. [5] The latter turned into Ludwig in Modern German, although the king Clovis himself is generally named Chlodwig. In a letter written to Clovis at the time of his baptism, Avitus of Vienne (now in France) praises his faith, humility, and mercy. ", https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1865-0610-312, "Clovis I | Biography, Significance, & Facts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clovis_I&oldid=987269843, Converts to Christianity from pagan religions, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles needing additional references from September 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Roman Law lists various crimes as well as the fines associated with them.[38]. [citation needed], In 507, following Vouillé, Clovis heard about Chararic's plan to escape from his monastic prison and had him murdered. Clovis and his army followed Syagrius and demanded his release. The three armies met near Dijon, where both the Franks and Godegisel's forces defeated the host of dumbfounded Gundobad, who was able to escape to Avignon. Clovis proceeded to follow to the Burgundian king and laid siege to the city, however, after some months he was convinced to abandon the siege and settled for an annual tributary from Gundobad. Vol. Interpreting him from a Christian perspective, Gregory tells stirring stories about Clovis and portrays him as a single-minded warrior. The Pactus Legis Salicae, a written code combining customary law, Roman written law, Christian ideals, and royal edicts, likely originated during Clovis’s reign and had a long history of emendation and influence.

These later political, linguistic, and cultural entities became the Kingdom of France, the myriad German States, and the semi-autonomous kingdoms of Burgundy and Lotharingia. Thirty years later Clovis was buried next to his contemporary St. Geneviève in the Church of the Holy Apostles that he built in Paris, and he was joined years later by his wife, St. Clotilda. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. While he was not the first Frankish king, he was the kingdom’s political and religious founder. (110). [25] But just to be absolutely certain about retaining the loyalties of the Catholics under Visigoths, Clovis ordered his troops to omit raiding and plunder, for this was not a foreign invasion, but a liberation.[24]. His father's name was Childeric, and his mother was Basina. • Clovis personally illustrates the juxtaposition of these three belief systems.
Upon his death, his empire was, according to tradition, divided among his four sons; the “Do-Nothing Kings” who would do little, if anything, to expand their holdings or improve the lives of the people. Books

The Catholics won by ecclesiastical and imperial decree in the 4th century, making Arianism a heresy, but Arianism remained an important force in parts of Europe as late as the 6th century. Je vertrok van Doornik met de bedoelienge van Soissons, besteurd deur Syagrius, te verovern.

Boovnstoand blad es vo de latste ki veranderd om 14:51 ip 14 apr 2020. Corrections? [49]:297 As a saint, Clovis was important as he represented the spiritual birth of the nation and provided a chivalrous and ascetic political model for French political leaders to follow. For Catholics, he was the first major Germanic Catholic king, and Pope John Paul II celebrated a mass in Reims in 1996 in honour of the 15th centenary of his baptism. Clovis (afgeleid van Chlodowech) is een oudere variant van de naam Lodewijk. This was done not along national or even largely geographical lines, but primarily to assure equal income amongst his sons after his death. Clovis is also significant due to his conversion to Catholicism in 496, largely at the behest of his wife, Clotilde, who would later be venerated as a saint for this act, celebrated today in both the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church.