With his fleet safely inside the bay, Farragut was now able to turn against the forts. Although the colonists ventured to challenge Britain’s naval power from the outbreak of the conflict, the war at sea in its later stages was fought mainly between Britain and America’s European allies, the American effort being reduced to privateering. [4] Richard Compton-Hall, Submarines and the war at sea (London: Macmillan, 1991) p.254. The first Union attack on the port ended in failure. The war at sea was a test of nerves and ingenuity. War at Sea is a strategic board wargame depicting the naval war in the Atlantic during World War II, published by Jedko Games in 1975, and subsequently republished by Avalon Hill in 1976 and more recently by L2 Design Group in 2007.. Such injury was done to British commerce that insurance rates increased to unprecedented figures, available sources of revenue were seriously reduced, and British coastal populations became alarmed at the prospect of Yankee incursions. While not the decisive victory Washington had hoped for, the Battle of Monmouth showed that the training received at Valley Forge had worked as his men had successfully stood toe-to-toe with the British. Engaging in hit-and-run raids, the partisans attacked British outposts and supply lines. The northern end of that railroad, the Weldon and Petersburg, was cut in August 1864, and Grant’s attempts to sever the final rail link, west along the Southside Rail Road was to become one of the main Union objectives for the rest of the war. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Finally, on 29 April, Farragut got tired of waiting, and occupied the city’s main buildings (a desire to take the surrender before the army arrived may also have played a part). Tennessee, but the giant ironclad was too unwieldy to be used as a ram, and was sunk by Union gunfire without striking a blow. As Morgan marched, his force was followed by 1,000 men under Tarleton. The Virginia returned to harbour, expecting to finish the job the next day. The next day, Farragut’s fleet anchored off the now undefended New Orleans. Though compelled to give up the field, Greene's army inflicted 532 casualties on Cornwallis' 1,900-man force. In addition to buying vessels, Congress ordered the construction of thirteen frigates. Cumberland (24 guns), rammed and sunk. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us -  Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group He was just the right person for the attack on New Orleans. To the north of Scotland, however, there was an area of more than 200,000 square miles (520,000 square kilometres) to be patrolled, and the task was assigned to a squadron of armed merchant cruisers. The port of Pensacola nearly played a major role in the succession crisis. The first move of the new British campaign was the capture of Savannah, GA. The result was huge loss of life in the Merchant Navy and a shortage of British shipping with which shipbuilders could not keep pace. Paul Revere’s ride and the Battles of Lexington and Concord, The Siege of Boston and the Battle of Bunker Hill, The surrender at Saratoga and French involvement, Final campaigns in the South and the surrender of Cornwallis, The status of naval forces at the outbreak of war, French intervention and the decisive action at Virginia Capes. If the weaker naval power wants to disrupt their opponent’s seaborne trade, then their only realistic hope was the privateer or commerce raider (privateers are normally privately owned and commerce raiders government owned). Congress, a fifty gun sail frigate. The port of Mobile is at the head of the bay, some thirty miles from the open sea. Attacking British outposts, he fought battles at Hobkirk's Hill (April 25), Ninety-Six (May 22-June 19), and Eutaw Springs (September 8) which, while tactical defeats, wore down British forces. Alabama. The Union navy would be able to maintain her blockade. The Germans similarly sought to attack Great Britain’s economy with a campaign against its supply lines of merchant shipping. They next announced, on February 4, that from February 18 they would treat the waters around the British Isles as a war zone in which all Allied merchant ships were to be destroyed, and in which no ship, whether enemy or not, would be immune. The approaches to the port were guarded by Fort Fisher at the mouth of the Cape Fear River. Following a new U.S. protest, the Germans undertook to ensure the safety of passengers before sinking liners henceforth; but only after the torpedoing of yet another liner, the Hesperia, did Germany, on September 18, decide to suspend its submarine campaign in the English Channel and west of the British Isles, for fear of provoking the United States further. This time it was the Confederate commander who withdrew, so suddenly that the crew of the C.S.S. The Battle of Jutland was to be the only major naval battle of the First World War, and the most significant encounter between warships of the dreadnought era. His design was revolutionary. This meant that the Union could launch attacks on any Southern port that was not protected by a major Confederate army.